How to Eliminate Bad Bacteria from Ponds

Published: 06th May 2010
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Pond bacteria exist in all ponds, commercial or non-commercial. Man-made ponds require chemical substances something like bleach in order to eradicate any kind of pond bacteria that could impure the water. Otherwise, most ponds seen in gardens as well as landscaped regions generally known as "living ponds" contain both good and bad bacteria.

If you take a simple comparison between human beings and pond environment, the bacteria play such roles for both subjects. There are good and bad bacteria present in human bodies and in pond waters as well. Whilst, the good bacteria thwart diseases, while the bad bacteria cause disease, infection, and even death. Pond bacteria work simply just like human bacteria: good bacteria protect the pond water against bad bacteria to maintain clear and healthy water, while bad bacteria plague ponds and its aquatic life.

Bad Pond Bacteria - Pond bacteria are usually microscopic, but they are identifiable once the pond changes its water colour, the presence of pond scum and algae, and bad smell like methane. Bad pond bacteria also known as "anaerobic bacteria" are harmful to ponds because of their harmful toxins. One of the most problematic signs of bad bacteria infestation is the accumulation of algae in ponds. Algae come in different types-- there are several thousand kinds actually. Algae are generally grouped as fungi; however they are treated much like bacteria. Most types of algae damage the pond's natural beauty and harm its marine wild life. Harmful algae can cause death to humans and aquatic and domesticated animals. Bad algae can also contract skin infections and diseases to human beings.




Good Pond Bacteria - Good bacteria or beneficial bacteria are important for healthy ponds. Most bad algae normally feed from rotting plant material and animal waste, whereas, the good pond bacteria commonly consume food from the bad bacteria. However, good pond bacteria are commonly vulnerable and multiply only under limited conditions. One type of good bacterium is the sludge remover. The sludge removers eliminate the food substances needed by the bad bacteria in order to grow. Another type of good bacteria are nitrifiers. Nitrifiers convert ammonia to nitrates. Although nitrifiers are crucial, these kinds of bacteria multiply slowly and gradually.




Periodic Waste Removal - One good way of maintaining good bacteria is through periodic waste removal. Pond owners should check the pond's condition weekly if the water is free from unwanted debris such as dead leaves, toxic, and animal waste. Overfeeding fish does not only impure the water, what's worse is it contribute to bacterial growth. Since good bacteria need oxygen, installing a fountain or an aerator can speed up the growth of good bacteria. Using fountains and aerators can also help achieve a spotless and healthy pond.



Getting rid of dangerous pond bacteria and conducting water bacteria treatment is a strenuous activity, but when done with proper care, the pond can become healthier and more beautiful. Once you control the bad algae, pond scum, and sludge from coming, it won't be painful to see your pond teeming with algae and other unwanted bacteria.




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